Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Bocavirus infection
Bocavirus is a virus that causes the common cold and other respiratory infections. Cold, fever, runny nose, and cough are the most common symptoms. It can also cause gastroenteritis, or stomach flu, which can cause severe stomach and intestine irritation and inflammation. Human bocavirus has been detected all over the world. The most common are paediatric cases. The bocavirus is frequently found in conjunction with other respiratory viruses. T Read More
- Bronchitis (acute)
Bronchitis is an infection that causes irritation and inflammation in the lungs' major airways (bronchi). Bronchitis is divided into two types: acute and chronic. Chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition that can reoccur. Long-term stress, such as smoking, is usually the cause. Acute bronchitis is only temporary. Most cases resolve within a few days, but the cough may last for several weeks. The airways on each side of your windpipe connect Read More
Croup is a common childhood illness that causes swelling of the upper respiratory tract. This can be recognised by a change in tone of voice and a distinctive "croupy" cough that sounds like a seal or barking. Croup is caused by a variety of viruses, the most common of which is the parainfluenza virus. Infection symptoms include nasal congestion, coughing, sore throat, and fever. Upper airway swelling in children can cause a sore throat or, in Read More
- Cryptococcosis lung
Cryptococcus is a fungus that is found in soil all over the world, usually in association with bird droppings. Cryptococcus neoformans is the most common Cryptococcus species that causes illness in humans. Cryptococcus gattii, a less common species that can also cause human disease, has been isolated from eucalyptus trees in tropical and subtropical regions. C. gattii has also been discovered in the Pacific Northwest, particularly on Victoria Read More
- Extrinsic allergic pneumonia
Extrinsic Allergic Pneumonia, also known as Allergic Interstitial Pneumonitis and Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, is an inflammatory syndrome that affects the lungs. Extrinsic: the origin is an external matter - an antigen.
Allergic: The cause is an allergic reaction to the antigen.
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs.
The syndrome differs depending on the antigen and the amount of exposure. Antigen exposure can be Read More
Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by the fungus Histoplasma. The fungus can be found in the environment, particularly in soil with a high concentration of bird or bat droppings. Histoplasma is mostly found in the central and eastern United States, particularly in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys. The fungus can also be found in parts of Central and South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia. Inhaling minute fungus spores in the air c Read More
- Loeffler's disease
Loeffler's disease is a transient respiratory illness associated with the higher production of a type of disease-fighting white blood cell usually called eosinophils in the lungs.
Loeffler's disease or syndrome is also recognized as Transient Pulmonary Infiltrate with Eosinophilia Syndrome. This syndrome involves the regulation of eosinophils in the lungs in response to a parasite infection.
In th Read More
- Necrotizing respiratory granulomatosis
Necrotizing Sarcoid Granulomatosis (NSG) is a rare granulomatous illness that primarily affects the lungs and manifests as nodular masses of confluent sarcoid-like granulomas with severe necrosis and vasculitis. It was first described in 1973, as a lung granulomatous disease with sarcoid-like granulomas, vasculitis, and varying degrees of necrosis.
Necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis is considered a variant of sarcoidosis.
- Pleurisy (pleuritis)
Pleurisy (pleuritis) is a health condition that occurs when the pleura, the thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs, becomes inflamed. Pleurisy (pleuritis) can be caused by a variety of things, including viruses, bacteria, and even lung cancer.
When the pleurae (membrane lining the thoracic cavity and the lungs) are swollen or inflamed, they may rub against each other, resulting in severe chest pain.
Each time Read More
Pneumonia is an inflammatory infection that develops in the lungs. This disease fills up air sacs with fluid or pus that leads to cough with phlegm, fever, and difficulty in breathing.
We inhale air from the nose or mouth that reaches to lungs through Trachea, commonly known as the windpipe. Afterward, oxygen will automatically travel to air sacs through bronchi surrounded by the network of fine capillaries (thin and tiny blood Read More
- Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a lung disorder characterized by a build-up of proteins, lipids, and other substances (together known as surfactants) in the lungs' air sacs, or alveoli. The alveoli are the air-holding cells in the lungs. The exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood takes place here.
The alveoli become filled with a surfactant, they do not work properly, and breathing becomes difficult.
The c Read More
- Pulmonary angiitis
Pulmonary angiitis is a term used to describe a collection of disorders with both a vascular (angiitis) and granulomatous components. It means inflammation of blood vessels in the lungs.
There are five unique clinical syndromes that have been identified, including:
Polyangiitis with eosinophilic granulomatosis (previously known as Churg-Strauss syndrome)
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with Read More
- Respiratory syncytial virus (rsv) infection
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a common respiratory virus that causes cold-like symptoms. It commonly affects infants by the time they reach the age of two.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection symptoms are minor in adults and older, healthy children, and they often resemble the common cold.
Some people, like infants aged 12 months and younger (infants), especially premat Read More
Torulosis is an airborne disease. It is more famously referred to as cryptococcosis.
When you inhale infected dust, torulosis slowly spreads throughout your lungs, presenting as pneumonia. It could potentially be fatal. Sometimes, it can also make its way to the brain, where it appears as meningitis. Other parts of the body that could be at risk include the skin which shows up as several fluid-filled nodules with dead tissue.&nb Read More