Select a specific condition below to view its details.
- Adult-onset asthma
Understanding the key reason of adult-onset asthma and identifying unique phenotypes may help in better understanding of pathophysiology and treatment response, allowing people to better focus current and future treatments for individualised management. The asthma that de Read More
- Asthma in children
In childhood asthma, the lungs and airways become easily inflamed when exposed to certain triggers, such as inhaling pollen or catching a cold or other respiratory infection. Childhood asthma can cause bothersome daily symptoms that interfere with play, sports, school and sleep. In some children, unmanaged asthma can cause dangerous asthma attacks.
Childhood asthma isn't a different disease from asth Read More
- Bocavirus infection
Bocavirus is a virus that causes the common cold and other respiratory infections. Cold, fever, runny nose, and cough are the most common symptoms. It can also cause gastroenteritis, or stomach flu, which can cause severe stomach and intestine irritation and inflammation. Human bocavirus has been detected all over the world. The most common are paediatric cases. The bocavirus is frequently found in conjunction with other respiratory viruses. T Read More
- Bronchitis (acute)
Bronchitis is an infection that causes irritation and inflammation in the lungs' major airways (bronchi). Bronchitis is divided into two types: acute and chronic. Chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition that can reoccur. Long-term stress, such as smoking, is usually the cause. Acute bronchitis is only temporary. Most cases resolve within a few days, but the cough may last for several weeks. The airways on each side of your windpipe connect Read More
- Chronic bronchitis
Chronic Bronchitis is a type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). COPD is a lung infection and disease that can make breathing difficult and progressively worsen over time. Other than COPD, the most common type of COPD is emphysema. The majority of COPD patients have both emphysema and chronic bronchitis, but the severity of each varies from person to person.
Chronic bronchitis causes the bronchial tubes to become inflamed Read More
- Cryptococcosis lung
Cryptococcus is a type of fungus that is found in the soil worldwide, usually in association with bird droppings. The major species of Cryptococcus that causes illness in human is Cryptococcus neoformans. Another less common species that can also cause disease in humans, Cryptococcus gattii, has been isolated from eucalyptus trees in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Since 1999, C. gattii has also been found Read More
Histoplasmosis is a type of lung infection.
Here is a list of causes of histoplasmosis you should know about:
· Read More
- Juvenile laryngeal papilloma
Laryngeal Papilloma is a respiratory disease that obstructs airflow from the body. Juvenile Laryngeal Papilloma is a rare condition causing overgrowths in the passage from the nose to the lungs. It majorly occurs in the vocal cords of children and adults.
This condition is also known as recurrent respiratory Papilloma.
It is a rare disorder where tumors grow inside the respiratory tract of childre Read More
- Laryngeal papilloma
Laryngeal Papilloma is a rare medical condition in which non-cancerous tumors form along the aerodigestive tract. Laryngeal Papilloma grows inside the voice box, vocal cords, or the air passage from the nose to the lungs. The symptoms include breathing problems, difficulty swallowing, coughing, and hoarseness. Laryngeal Papilloma is a condition that has been researched in detail, but a cure is yet found.
- Loeffler's disease
Loeffler's disease is a transient respiratory illness associated with the higher production of a type of disease-fighting white blood cell usually called eosinophils in the lungs.
Loeffler's disease or syndrome is also recognized as Transient Pulmonary Infiltrate with Eosinophilia Syndrome. This syndrome involves the regulation of eosinophils in the lungs in response to a parasite infection.
In th Read More
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a condition that occurs due to abnormal growth of smooth muscle cells, especially in the lymphatic systems and the lungs. This growth leads to the formation of cysts or holes in the lungs.
People suffering from Lymphangioleiomyomatosis have a hard time breathing because it is challenging for them to inhale and exhale air through the bronchial tubes. Also, replacing normal lung tissue with Read More
- Pleurisy (pleuritis)
Pleurisy (pleuritis) is a health condition that occurs when the pleura, the thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs, becomes inflamed. Pleurisy (pleuritis) can be caused by a variety of things, including viruses, bacteria, and even lung cancer.
When the pleurae (membrane lining the thoracic cavity and the lungs) are swollen or inflamed, they may rub against each other, resulting in severe chest pain.
Each time Read More
Pneumonia is an inflammatory infection that develops in the lungs. This disease fills up air sacs with fluid or pus that leads to cough with phlegm, fever, and difficulty in breathing.
We inhale air from the nose or mouth that reaches to lungs through Trachea, commonly known as the windpipe. Afterward, oxygen will automatically travel to air sacs through bronchi surrounded by the network of fine capillaries (thin and tiny blood Read More
- Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a lung disorder characterized by a build-up of proteins, lipids, and other substances (together known as surfactants) in the lungs' air sacs, or alveoli. The alveoli are the air-holding cells in the lungs. The exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood takes place here.
The alveoli become filled with a surfactant, they do not work properly, and breathing becomes difficult.
The c Read More
- Pulmonary angiitis
Pulmonary angiitis is a term used to describe a collection of disorders with both a vascular (angiitis) and granulomatous components. It means inflammation of blood vessels in the lungs.
There are five unique clinical syndromes that have been identified, including:
Polyangiitis with eosinophilic granulomatosis (previously known as Churg-Strauss syndrome)
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with Read More
- Pulmonary edema
Pulmonary edema is a disease that is caused due to congestion of liquid substances in the lungs. It is also known as pulmonary congestion. It is related to our respiratory system. When you get this disease, there may be a high risk of respiratory system failure.
You may get this disease due to the following circumstances:
Failure of the heart to pump blood
Injury to the lung due to breathing toxic g Read More
- Pulmonary fibrosis
Damage and scarring in lung tissue lead to pulmonary fibrosis. The scars thicken the tissue around and between the air sacs in your lungs, making it difficult for oxygen to pass into the bloodstream.
The reason for scarring can be multiple causes, but in most cases, doctors can’t find the exact reason for the wound. Such conditions are known as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Exposure to numerous toxins and Read More
- Pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia
Pulmonary Infiltrates with Eosinophilia (PIE) is inflammation due to increased eosinophils, a type of white blood cell.
Pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia can be categorized into primary or idiopathic and secondary.
Primary pulmonary eosinophilia occurs because of unknown reasons like Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia (AEP), Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia (CEP), Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polya Read More
- Pump lung
Pump lung, (also known as Shock Lung), is inflammatory lung damage.
Pump lung is caused by fluid buildup in the lungs' small air sacs (called alveoli), which makes breathing very difficult. It also results in severely low blood oxygen levels.
As a result of low blood oxygen levels, other organs like the brain, heart, kidneys, and stomach, are deprived of the oxygen they require to function. Pump Lung is rare and Read More
- Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis
Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) is the respiratory condition characterised by the presence of recurrent wart-like growths called papillomas around the vocal cords in the respiratory tract.
It is caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) that causes skin warts and genital warts HPV consists of 150 different subtypes most of them passing through genital contact as a result of sexual intercourse.
Recurrent respi Read More
- Sarcoid of boeck
The sarcoid of boeck (sarcoidosis) is a chronic inflammatory disease that can affect any organ in the body, but most often involves the skin and lungs.
Sarcoid of boeck is characterized by the formation of small, round bumps (nodules) under the skin and in the lungs.
This condition was first described in the medical literature in 1869 by a German physician named Carl Boeck. It is also sometimes Read More
- Secondhand smoke
Secondhand smoke is the combination of smoke from the burning end of a cigarette and the smoke exhaled by the smoker. It is dangerous to both smokers and nonsmokers. Secondhand smoke contains more than 7000 chemicals, including 70 that can cause cancer.
Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at an increased risk for lung cancer, heart disease, and other respiratory illnesses.
Pregnant women who are exposed Read More
Torulosis is an airborne disease. It is more famously referred to as cryptococcosis.
When you inhale infected dust, torulosis slowly spreads throughout your lungs, presenting as pneumonia. It could potentially be fatal. Sometimes, it can also make its way to the brain, where it appears as meningitis. Other parts of the body that could be at risk include the skin which shows up as several fluid-filled nodules with dead tissue.&nb Read More
- Usual interstitial pneumonia (uip)
Usual Interstitial Pneumonia (UIP) is a radiologic and histopathologic pattern of interstitial lung disease.
The prognosis of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is poor as the current therapies related to it are of unproven value.
Moreover, the mean survival of a patient following diagnosis with UIP is approximately three years.
The person may also require lung transplantation in case of a f Read More