Since the majority of upper respiratory tract infections are caused by viruses, they are self-limiting and do not require treatment. Patients may commonly identify and cure upper respiratory tract infections at home without the need for a doctor's visit or prescription medicines.
The following are some of the most frequent upper respiratory tract infections or cold drugs used to treat these symptoms:
- Fever and bodily pains can be relieved by acetaminophen (Tylenol).
- Body pains and fever can be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines like ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil).
- Nasal secretions and congestion can be relieved with antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl).
- Nasal ipratropium (topical) is a medication that can be used to reduce nasal secretions.
- Cough suppressants (antitussives) can be used to help with coughing. Many cough treatments, such as dextromethorphan, guaifenesin (Robitussin), and codeine, are commercially available and have been found to reduce coughing in upper respiratory infections.
- Honey can be used to help with coughing.
- Some cough and cold drugs should be taken with caution in children under the age of four and the elderly because they might induce excessive drowsiness.
- If a bacterial infection is suspected or confirmed, broad-spectrum antibiotics are sometimes used to treat upper respiratory tract infections.
List of Symptoms: Coughing, runny nose, sneezing, throat pain, and fever.
List of Conditions: Diseases of the respiratory tract impact the airways, such as the nasal passages, bronchi, and lungs.
List of Drugs: Penicillin VK (Penicillin V), Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox), Penicillin G benzathine (Bicillin LA, Permapen), Cefadroxil (Duricef).