Although there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, medication and a few treatments can help alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and slow the progression of the disease.
- The most commonly prescribed medication for pulmonary hypertension is vasodilators. A vasodilator is the type of medicine that relaxes and opens narrowed blood vessels, improving blood flow. Vasodilators can be taken by mouth, inhalation, injected, or given by an IV fusion. The commonly prescribed vasodilator for pulmonary hypertension is epoprostenol.
- Medications like endothelin receptor antagonists traverse the effect of a substance In The Wall of blood vessels which causes them to narrow.
- Blood thinners like warfarin are prescribed to prevent blood clots. Blood thinners increase the risk of bleeding, especially in those who have surgery or invasive procedures. If you take blood thinners, occasional blood tests should be carried out to check if the medicine is working or not.
- Atrial septostomy is an open-heart procedure recommended if medications cannot control pulmonary hypertension signs or symptoms. In this surgery, the surgeon creates an opening between the heart's upper left and right chambers to relieve pressure on the right side.
- A lung or heart transplant, sometimes a more extended heart-lung transplant, can be recommended, especially for younger people with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.
List of conditions
- High blood pressure
- Narrowed blood vessels which slows down the blood circulation
- The artries are swollen and slows down the blood flow
Symptoms for pulmonary hypertension are:
- Blue lips
- Chest pain
- Pounding heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling in the ankle and abdomen area
The drugs prescribed are
- Guanylate cyclase stimulators
- Phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5)