Currently, there are no drugs for primary central hypoventilation syndrome. Treatments include:
1) Oxygen Treatment
Treatment is aimed at providing breathing assistance, typically with the use of a respirator or ventilator. Several kids with CHS will require a ventilation system 24 hours a day, while others may only require breathing assistance while sleeping.
A surgical implant in the diaphragm muscle can allow electrical stimulation of the muscle to control breathing in some people.
2) Assistance with ventilation
All patients with primary central hypoventilation syndrome will require assisted ventilation, with diaphragmatic pacing as an option for those who require 24-hour ventilation.
3) Pacing the diaphragm
Diaphragm pacing can boost your respiration and possibly eliminate your need for a mechanical ventilator.
Diaphragm pacing involves electrically stimulating your diaphragm muscles and nerves with a lightweight, battery-powered system. This provokes your diaphragm to contract, allowing air to enter your lungs. It allows you to breathe more normally.
Diaphragm pacing entails inserting four electrodes into your diaphragm muscle and a fifth electrode near the other electrodes just below the skin. After that, the electrodes are linked to an external stimulator.
The stimulator sends electrical impulses to the electrodes on a continuous basis, causing your diaphragm to contract and assisting you in breathing.
List of Symptoms
- Breathing difficulty
- A lack of oxygen in the blood often results in bluish skin or lips, as well as difficulty regulating their heart rate and blood pressure
- Heavy sweating occurs on occasion
List of Conditions
- Poor or complete lack of spontaneous breathing, particularly during sleep
- Abnormal pupils
- Acid reflux and decreased intestinal motility make feeding difficult.
- Absence or deterioration of bowel function (Hirschsprung's disease)
List of Drugs
- Currently there are no drugs for central hypoventilation syndrome.
- Most children are given tracheostomies when they are only a few months old
- While the patients have the potential to live productive lives, they are dependent on mechanical ventilation for the rest of their lives