About adult-onset asthma

What is adult-onset asthma?

Understanding the key reason of adult-onset asthma and identifying unique phenotypes may help in better understanding of pathophysiology and treatment response, allowing people to better focus current and future treatments for individualised management. The asthma that develops in an adult (typically those over the age of 20) is known as Adult-onset asthma , regardless the fact that the majority of people with adult-onset asthma may have had asthma as a kid. Many people's asthma symptoms faded away through their teenage years, but a third of people have it again as adults. asthma may strike at any age, and some people experience the disorder for the first time as adults.

Adult-onset asthma has an even worse outcome and responsiveness to traditional asthma therapy than childhood-onset asthma. Many risk factors have been identified as contributing to the formation of asthma in adults, ranging from respiratory infections to environmental sensitizers, hormonal variables, obesity, and stress. Cluster analysis recently discovered unique and clinically well-recognized adult-onset asthma traits, opening up new interesting prospects for a more focused, morphological approach in adult-onset asthma patients.

Using systems medicine techniques to get a better knowledge of critical biological processes would not only assist to avoid the development of asthma in adults, but will also lead to more tailored therapies.

What are the symptoms for adult-onset asthma?

When the asthmatic symptoms are experienced in the adult body generally above the age of 20 is considered as adult onset asthma. Adult onset asthma is not a disorder that is formed in the childhood, but is developed in adults because of irritants and allergens in their surroundings. inflammation and constriction of the airways are symptoms of asthma. Chest tightness and trouble breathing are symptoms of narrowed airways. Adult-onset asthma symptoms include:


·        Choking

·        Chest discomfort from coughing

·       After physical exertion, increased Mucus secretion in the airways, tightness or pressure in the chest, and shortness of breath

·        Sleep deprivation slowed healing from a respiratory infection like the Flu or a cold.


asthma that is not addressed might make it difficult to go about the everyday activities. For example, Shortness of breath can make physical exertion uncomfortable or difficult.

What are the causes for adult-onset asthma?

Allergies are responsible for at least 30% of adult-onset asthma cases. Adults who are allergic to cats may be at a higher risk of acquiring asthma later in life. Adults may develop asthma symptoms after being exposed to allergens or irritants such as cigarette smoke, chemicals, mould, dust, or other substances typically present in their surroundings (e.g., at home or at work).


Adults with asthma may develop symptoms after prolonged contact to specific occupational materials. Hormonal changes in women may have a role in the development of adult-onset asthma. Some women have asthma symptoms for the first time during or after pregnancy. For the first time, women going through menopause may have asthma symptoms.


Adult-onset asthma can be caused by a variety of diseases, viruses, or infections. Adult onset asthma is frequently triggered by a nasty cold or virus.


Adult-onset asthma is not caused by smoking; nevertheless, if the individual smokes or is exposed to cigarette smoke (second-hand smoke), asthma symptoms may develop.

What are the treatments for adult-onset asthma?

If you manage your asthma, you can expect to lead a normal lifestyle. Basically, there are four key steps to managing asthma successfully:

1.   Learn about asthma and stay up-to-date on new developments.

2.   Take prescribed medications. Don’t make any changes until you check with your physician. Don’t use over- the-counter medications unless prescribed by your physician!

3.   Check your lungs daily at home by using a peak flow meter. asthma patients often can detect lung changes with a peak flow meter before they actually experience any changes. Visit your physician regularly for further in-office tests. Lung testing is painless and provides valuable data that helps your physician make adjustments in your medication.

4.    Make an asthma management plan with your physician. A plan establishes guidelines that tell you what to do if your asthma symptoms get worse.

What are the risk factors for adult-onset asthma?

At least 30% of adult asthma cases are triggered by allergies. People who are allergic to cats may have an increased risk for developing adult onset asthma. Exposure to allergens or irritants such as cigarette smoke, chemicals, mold, dust, or other substances commonly found in the person’s environment (e.g. home or work place) might trigger the first asthma symptoms in an adult.

Prolonged exposure to certain workplace materials may set off asthma symptoms in adults.

Hormonal fluctuations in women may play a role in adult onset asthma. Some women first develop asthma symptoms during or after a pregnancy. Women going through menopause can develop asthma symptoms for the first time.

Different illnesses, viruses, or infections can be a factor in adult onset asthma. A bad cold or a bout with the flu is often a factor in adult onset asthma.

Smoking does not cause adult onset asthma; however, if you smoke or if you are exposed to cigarette smoke (second-hand smoke), it may provoke asthma symptoms.

Is there a cure/medications for adult-onset asthma?

asthma can be managed, but there is no cure for asthma. However, there are some objectives in asthma therapy. If the patient is unable to meet all of these objectives, it indicates that their asthma is out of control. They should get asthma treatment from your asthma care provider.


The objective of the treatment are:

·        Living a normal, active, healthy life

·        Prevention of the troublesome and chronic symptoms

·        Completing everyday work effortlessly

·        No more emergency visits to the hospital

·        NAdapting to the medicines with minimal or no side effects


In addition to avoiding triggers and monitoring daily asthma symptoms, the use of asthma medication as prescribed by the doctor is the foundation of successful asthma control.


asthma drugs can be inhaled (using a metered dosage inhaler, dry powder inhaler, or asthma nebulizer) or swallowed (liquids or pills). If the patients are taking medications for other health issues, they should work with their doctors to check for drug interactions and, if necessary, simplify their prescriptions.

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