About blastomycosis

What are the risk factors for blastomycosis?

The risk factors for blastomycosis, a fungal infection caused by the dimorphic fungus, are immunocompromised patients or people who need to work outdoor especially in forest areas. If you live in an area where fungal spores are in abundance, then you are at a high-risk factor for the disease. The fungal spores are in plentiful at damp forests, so if your profession is hunter, forest worker, camper or a farmer, you might be at a higher risk to get the disease. Also, the disease is non-communicable. Although the common symptom of the disease includes the normal flu symptoms, the symptoms usually persist longer and are more severe than normal flu in the case of blastomycosis. If the infection spread via the blood, you may witness skin or bone lesions as well.The blastomycosis can be diagnosed by culturing the fungi from the biopsy samples. Also, some immunology-based tests are available which can detect the fungi in your blood or urine samples. If the disease is detected, you should take medical help as the disease cannot be treated by self-care at home. Antifungal drugs are used to treat the patients, and the treatment might last for six to twelve months. To treat blastomycosis, you need antifungal drug called itraconazole (Sporanox). If your symptoms are severe, you might need amphotericin B. In very rare cases if you are immune-compromised, you might require lifelong treatment as well.After you have been relieved from the disease, a follow up is important to check for reinfection. Also, no vaccine is available for the disease, and you may have to stick with basic prevention like avoiding the deep forests where fungal spores might enter your lungs.



Is there a cure/medications for blastomycosis?

Blastomycosis, a fungal infection caused by the dimorphic fungus, is curable with proper drugs and care. Once you are diagnosed with blastomycosis, you might start your treatment which can last for six to twelve months. The most common treatment involves a drug named itraconazole (Sporanox). The drug alone might be enough to treat mild to moderate blastomycosis patients. If you have severe disease, you can use the drug called amphotericin B. A combination of the two drugs might be used for severely ill patients. Follow ups are required because the treatment time is very long and there are chances of relapse of the infection. Also, the doctor determines if the dosage is helping by checking the progress in the follow ups. If you are immunocompromised, you might require lifelong medication and therapy with sporanox. Also no vaccine is available, and the only way to prevent the disease is by avoiding the areas where fungal infection is common like dense forests.



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