About asthma

What is asthma?

A disorder in which a person's airways become inflamed, constrict, and bulge, as well as create excessive mucus, making breathing difficult is known as asthma. asthma can be mild or severe, causing difficulty with regular tasks. It may result in a life-threatening attack in some situations. asthma can cause breathing problems, chest discomfort, coughing, and wheezing. Symptoms may flare up from time to time. asthma is commonly treated with rescue inhalers (salbutamol) to relieve symptoms and controller inhalers to avoid symptoms (steroids). Longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open (formoterol, salmeterol, tiotropium), as well as inhalant steroids, may be required in severe instances.



What are the symptoms for asthma?

asthma symptoms differ from one person to the next. The person may have rare asthma episodes, experience symptoms just at specific times of the day, such as when exercising, or experience symptoms all of the time.

The following are some of the indications and symptoms of asthma:

·        Breathing problems

·        Tightness or discomfort in the chest

·        Exhaling Wheezing is a typical symptom of asthma in children.

·        Exhaling Wheezing is a typical symptom of asthma in children.

·        Shortness of breath, coughing, or Wheezing might make it difficult to sleep.

·        Coughing or Wheezing episodes aggravated by a respiratory illness, such as the Flu or a cold


The symptoms may worsen during Cold and dry weather conditions, regular exposure to workplace allergens, or allergic reactions

 



What are the causes for asthma?

asthma symptoms and indications can be triggered by exposure to numerous irritants and chemicals that cause allergies (allergens). asthma triggers vary from person to person, but they might include:

·        Pollen, dust mites, mould spores, pet dander, and cockroach waste particles are examples of airborne allergens

·        Infections of the lungs, such as the common cold

·        Access of physical activity

·        Cold and dry weather condition

·        Smoke and other air pollutants and irritants

·        Beta blockers, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pharmaceuticals including ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others) as well as naproxen sodium (Aleve)

·        Stress and strong emotions

·        Some foods and beverages, such as shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer, and wine, include sulfites and preservatives

·        GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) occurs when stomach acids back up into your throat may block the air pathway causing difficulty in breathing



What are the treatments for asthma?

Although there is no cure for asthma, medication can help individuals manage their symptoms so they can live a normal, active life. The main therapy is inhalers, which are devices that let the individuals to breathe in medicine. If the asthma is severe, they may need to take tablets or other therapies. In order to provide effective asthma therapy, it is necessary to track symptoms and assess how effectively the lungs are operating on a regular basis. Taking an active part in managing your asthma therapy will aid in long-term asthma control, the prevention of asthma episodes, and the avoidance of long-term issues.



What are the risk factors for asthma?

Having an asthmatic parent, having a serious respiratory illness as a kid, having an allergic condition, or being exposed to specific chemical irritants or industrial dusts in the job are the most prevalent risk factors for getting asthma. Having an asthmatic parent makes an individual three to six times more likely to develop asthma. Chronic asthma develops in certain children who have had viral respiratory infections. atopic dermatitis (eczema) and allergic rhinitis (hay fever) are both risk factors for asthma. Some people can get asthma for the first time after being exposed to particular dusts (industrial or wood dusts), chemical fumes and vapours, and moulds. asthma is quite common among smokers. asthma is more common among those who grew up or currently reside in cities. Patients who are obese use more drugs, have more symptoms, and are less able to control their asthma than those who are healthy weight.



Is there a cure/medications for asthma?

asthma cannot be totally cured, but it may be managed to the point where the symptoms are minimal. asthma is not treatable since it is a chronic and long-term illness. It is, however, very curable if a patient receives competent help.
The following is the treatment for asthma:

·        Reliever inhalers for relieving the individual of the asthamatic symptoms

·        Preventive inhalers for preventing the asthamatic   symptoms

·        Combination inhalers are used when the reliever   inhaler and the preventive inhalers are not able to   control asthma, they provide long-lasting relief and   can be used daily for reducing the appearance of   symptoms

·        Tablets are provided if the inhalers alone are not able to control the symptoms

·        If the above mentioned treatments are not responding well, then the individuals are administered injections

·        Surgery called bronchial thermoplasty is offered in case of severe asthma

·       The patients are also suggested non steroidal treatments as well, such as breathing exercises, herbal teas and medicines, acupuncture, dietary supplements, homeopathy medicines and chiropractic.



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